Kidney failure can be diagnosed using a variety of tests. The following are some of the most prevalent tests:
Urinalysis. A urine sample may be taken by your doctor to check for anything odd, such as an abnormal protein or sugar that has spilled into your urine. A urine sediment examination may also be performed to look for red and white blood cells, high levels of germs, and large numbers of tube-shaped particles known as cellular casts.
Volumes of urine are measured. One of the simplest diagnostics for diagnosing renal failure is measuring urine output. Low urinary output, for example, could indicate renal disease caused by a urinary blockage, which can be caused by a variety of illnesses or traumas.
Sample of kidney tissue Unusual deposits, scarring, and pathogenic organisms are evaluated in tissue samples. To obtain the tissue sample, your doctor will perform a kidney biopsy.
Imaging. Ultrasounds, MRIs, and CT scans produce images of your kidneys and urinary tract, which can be used to detect blockages or other issues.
Blood tests to measure chemicals filtered by your kidneys, such as blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, may be ordered by your doctor. A quick rise in these levels could mean you’re suffering from acute renal failure.
Kidney failure can be treated with dialysis or a kidney transplant. Dialysis or transplanted kidneys will take over some of the functions of your damaged kidneys, removing wastes and excess fluid from your body. Many of your symptoms will improve as a result of this.
Dialysis is divided into two types: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Both of these procedures remove waste products and excess fluid from your blood. Hemodialysis makes use of an artificial kidney system, whereas peritoneal dialysis makes use of the lining of the stomach.
A kidney transplant is a surgery in which a healthy kidney is transplanted into your body.